Types of fruits and their edible parts

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List of Food Crops and edible parts
Fruits/Crops Scientific Name Type Edible Parts
Wheat Triticum Aestivum Caryopsis Endosperm and Embryo
Maize Zea mays
Rice Oryza sativa
Tomato Lycopersicum esculentum Berry Pericarp and Placenta
Litchi Litchi chinensis Nut Fleshy aril
Banana Musa acuminata Berry Mesocarp and Endocarp
Brinjal Solanum melongena Berry Pericarp and Placenta
Coconut Cocos nucifera Drupe Endosperm, Testa, Cotyledon and embryo
Almond Prunus dulcis Drupe Seeds
Cucumber Cucumis sativus Pepo Mesocarp and Endocarp
Strawbery Fragaria vesco Etaerio of achenes Fleshy thalamus and seeds
Lotus Nelumbo nucifera Etaerio of achenes Fleshy thalamus and seeds
Jackfruit Sorosis Fleshy axis, bracts, perianth and seeds
Fig Ficus carica Syconus Peduncle and seeds
Mulberry Moros alba Sorosis Fleshy axis and suxxulent perianth
Apple Malus domestica Pome Thalamus
Coriander Coriandrum sativum Herb Thalamus
Papaya Carica papaya pepo Pericarp
Orange Citrus sinensis berry Juicy hair
Grape Vitis vinifera Berry Pericarp
Groundnut Arachis hypogaea Drupe Cotyledons

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